Rosa Parks and the national bus boycott

On 1 December 1955, the black American Rosa Parks refused to give her seat to a white passenger, when the law in Alabama required this. The police came and fined her ten dollars. Because she refused to pay, she was arrested and then tried for disorderly conduct.

Martin Luther King started the 'Montgomery Bus Boycott' as a result of this incident. The bus company almost went bankrupt as a result. The boycott eventually led to the elimination of racial segregation in public transport.

Unrest in Sturgis, Kentucky

The bus boycott led to a national discussion about the existing segregation laws. In 1957, the situation threatened to escalate into violence in Sturgis, Kentucky, calling on the national guard to keep the peace. In this photo, W.W. Waller Jr, head of the White Citizens Council, calls on parents not to let their children go to school out of dissatisfaction with the plans for the integration of black students. Waller Jr also urged the public not to call the action a 'boycott', perhaps a reference to Rosa Parks' action.

The house of Rosa Parks

The house where Rosa Parks lived had been empty for some time and was to be demolished by the city of Detroit. The two-storey building was bought by her cousin Rhea McCauley for only $500 but she was unable to refurbish it. As part of an art project, artist Ryan Mendoza decided to take the building apart and ship it to Berlin to rebuild it. The house was exhibited in its original state in 2017.

View the images here
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